Cryolipolysis is a non-surgical fat reduction process that utilises low temperatures to remove fat deposits in particular body parts. People generally call this procedure fat freezing. The operation aims to eliminate localised fat deposits or bulges resistant to reduction with diet and exercise. Morbidly obese or severely overweight people are not the target audience for this product. The procedure is known as CoolSculpting, and it has a patent. The operation may occur in the patient’s home or an outpatient facility. After determining the dimensions and contours of the fatty deposit, a skin-marking pencil is used to draw a boundary around the region that will be subjected to treatment. During the operation, patients are awake and alert.
An applicator is a hand-held instrument used to freeze the layer of fat cells (adipocytes) that lies under the skin. To begin, a gel pad is placed over the affected region to protect the skin. After that, the fatty protrusion is sucked into the hollow hole of the applicator using suction or a vacuum. As the suction is applied, you may feel as if something is pushing or tugging on you. After five to ten minutes, the region will begin to numb as part of the cooling process. During this time, the severe cold and other potential sensations, such as tingling, stinging, hurting, or cramping, will diminish. The fat layer’s temperature will be gradually lowered to the desired range, between 30.2 and 39.2 degrees Fahrenheit. Following completion of the treatment, doctors will take the applicator away. A massage lasting between two and three minutes is beneficial to facilitate the release of fat from the cells in the region.
The discovery that fat cells are more prone to damage due to exposure to low temperatures than other types of cells, such as skin cells, serves as the foundation for this method. The low temperature damages the cells in the fat layer. Because of the damage, the body goes into an inflammatory reaction, ultimately leading to the fat cells’ death. It is necessary to “call” macrophages, a kind of white blood cell and a component of the body’s immune system, to the site of the damage so that they can remove dead fat cells and other waste from the body.
Cryolipolysis offers several benefits, including the following:
- There is no need for any surgical incision.
- It is a technique with minimal risk. There is no possibility of getting an infection.
- The operation may be “outpatient,” meaning away from the hospital.
- Before the treatment, patients do not need to be sedated or given anaesthesia to be safe.
- During a single session, treatment may be administered to more than one body part.
- After therapy, most patients can return to their regular routines and activities promptly.
- The treatment is safe and effective for use on patients of any age.
- In the treated region, there will be no harm to the nerve fibres, blood vessels, or muscles, nor any long-term damage to the skin.
- Damaged or dead fat cells are permanently eliminated from the body so that the body can function normally again.
- Patients who see an improvement in their looks may feel a rise in self-esteem due to this change.
Experts strongly recommend that the fat freezing procedure be carried out only by a plastic surgeon, cosmetic surgeon, or another registered skin healthcare practitioner. If you are concerned about anything before the operation, you should discuss it with your physician.